Lawson

I.
/ˈlɔsən/ (say 'lawsuhn)

noun
1. Abercrombie Anstruther, 1870–1927, Australian botanist and lecturer, born in Scotland.
2. Geoffrey Francis (`Henry'), born 1957, Australian Test cricketer; noted as a fast bowler.
3. Sir Harry Sutherland Wightman, 1875–1952, Australian National Party politician, solicitor, and businessman; premier of Victoria 1918–24.
4. Henry, 1867–1922, Australian writer of verse and prose; noted for his depiction of Australian bush life; works include the short-story collections While the Billy Boils (1896) and Joe Wilson and His Mates (1901).
5. Louisa, 1848–1920, mother of Henry, Australian social reformer, journalist, and publisher.
6. Will(iam), 1876–1957, Australian poet and author, born in England.
7. William, 1774–1850, Australian explorer and official, born in England; member of the NSW Corps and participant in the Blaxland, Wentworth, and Lawson expedition that crossed the Blue Mountains, 1813.
Henry Lawson was born on the goldfields near Grenfell, NSW, and spent an unhappy childhood in the Mudgee district. After his parents separated he moved to inner-city Sydney with his mother, Louisa Lawson, where he wrote political articles for the periodicals she published. He also began writing verse, including some of his best-known ballads, which were published in the Sydney Bulletin. In the summer of 1892–93 Lawson carried a swag through drought-stricken western NSW, an experience which had a profound influence on his view of the outback and the men who worked there. In 1896 his first commercial successes, In the Days When the World was Wideand While the Billy Boils, were published. With his wife and two children he sailed for London in April 1900. Although he was well received by critics, the Lawsons found themselves unsuited to English life and returned to Sydney in 1902, both in ill health and with their relationship in tatters. The remaining 20 years of Lawson's life were spent in penurious circumstances, and he was increasingly affected by alcoholism and depression. He still wrote, but the quality was uneven. After his death he was given a state funeral. Although often referred to as `the people's poet', Lawson's position in the history of Australian literature is more securely based on the quality of his prose. He was one of the vanguard of writers, known collectively as `the Bulletinschool', who wrote in an idiomatic style which reflected characteristics of ordinary Australians, particularly those of the bush.
William Lawson arrived in NSW in 1800 as an officer in the NSW Corps. After returning briefly to England in 1810 he took up a commission with the NSW Veterans. In 1813 Gregory Blaxland invited Lawson to accompany him and William Wentworth on their attempt to cross the Blue Mountains. Macquarie rewarded their success with a 1000–acre grant each. Lawson took up his grant on the Campbell River near Bathurst.
II.
/ˈlɔsən/ (say 'lawsuhn)

noun
a town in the Blue Mountains, NSW, east of Katoomba.
{named after the explorer William Lawson1}

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

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